A Trip to the Moon (or Voyage to the Moon) is a 1902 French science fiction short and is loosely based on two huge popular books of that era which were H. G. Well's The First Men in the Moon and From the Earth to the Moon by Jules Verne. The film was written and directed by Georges Melies and assisted by his brother Gaston. Melies was a former magician and showman who is known mostly for directing over a hundred fantasy films using astonishing stunts and special effects for its time, which included several groundbreaking tricks with the camera.
While A Trip to the Moon was still hugely successful, Méliès eventually went bankrupt. This was due in part to the eventual view which was held towards his films that the special effects were overshadowing the plot. In an interview on the newly restored blue ray of the film legendary director Martin Scoresese states, “Georges Méliès lost basically most of his financing when the bigger companies came in. What happened here, at that time there was a lot going on with copyright and not copyright and that sort of thing." A Trip to the Moon is the very first known science fiction film, and it used groundbreaking and innovative technology, animation and special effects, including the iconic image of a spaceship landing in the Moon's eye. Georges Melies was a talent of the imagination and of special effects and learned many creative new tricks that were never achieved before with the movie-camera.