Orson Welles

Orson Welles

Orson Welles was a well-regarded performer in radio and film, a celebrated Shakespearean stage actor, an accomplished magician and one of the most influential filmmakers of all time. Welles found national and international fame as the director and narrator of a 1938 radio adaptation of H. G. Wells’ novel The War of the Worlds. It reportedly caused widespread panic when listeners thought that an invasion by extraterrestrial beings was occurring, rocketing Welles to notoriety. Welles’s growing fame drew sudden Hollywood offers, while RKO Radio Pictures President George Schaefer offered Welles complete artistic control to an untried director. Welles agreed to the offer and conceived a screenplay titled Citizen Kane with screenwriter Herman J. Mankiewicz, where Welles would direct, co-write, produce, and star as the lead. Mankiewicz based the original outline on an exposé of the life of William Randolph Hearst, whom he knew socially and came to hate. When hearing of this Hearst’s media outlets immediately boycotted the film, exerting enormous pressure and intimidation on the Hollywood film community. At one point they even offered to purchase the film, fully intending to burn the negative and existing prints, but RKO declined, and the film was given a limited release. Citizen Kane (1941) was well-received critically, as it garnered nine Academy Award nominations, but won only for Best Original Screenplay, shared by Mankiewicz and Welles. Although it was largely ignored at the Academy Awards, Citizen Kane is now hailed as one of the greatest films ever made. Andrew Sarris called it “the work that influenced the cinema more profoundly than any American film since The Birth of a Nation (1915)” and during the 1950s, the film came to be seen by young French film critics such as François Truffaut as exemplifying the auteur theory, in which the director is the ‘author’ of a film. Welles followed up Citizen Kane with such films as The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), The Stranger (1946), The Lady from Shanghai (1948), Othello (1952), The Complete Mr. Arkadin (1955), Touch of Evil (1958), The Trial (1962) and Chimes at Midnight (1965). Unfortunately Welles would forever struggle for creative control from major studios, while most all his films were either heavily edited or remained unreleased. For the rest of his life, Welles permanently remained an outsider to the studio system directing only 13 full-length films in his entire career. Even so, Welles distinctive directorial style presented revolutionary cinematic techniques that would forever change the language of cinema, including layered and nonlinear narrative forms, innovative uses of lighting such as chiaroscuro, unusual camera angles, sound techniques borrowed from radio, deep focus shots, long takes, and the use of innovative editing effects. Welles has been praised as a major creative force and as ‘the ultimate auteur,’ while in 2002, Welles was voted as the greatest film director of all time in two British Film Institute polls among directors and critics.

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Orson Welles
Orson Welles Featured Films
Availability of Orson Welles movie memorabilia for sale changes daily. The products and pricing shown below are current as of: Saturday, Mar 24, 2018
Orson Welles
black magic movie poster insert vf lb 1949 orson welles
ORSON WELLES PRINT poster war of the worlds cuban cigar wine cohiba partagas
orson welles print poster war of the worlds cuban cigar wine cohiba partagas
Necromancy Necromancy Orson Welles Movie Original Inter PressBook 70s
necromancy necromancy orson welles movie original inter pressbook 70s
Treasure Island Orson Welles Kim Burfield Large Lobby Set Spain 1973
treasure island orson welles kim burfield large lobby set spain 1973
reduced citizen kane 1st release 1966 japanese lb poster rare orson welles
Framed CITIZEN KANE Italian 55x 77 poster linen backed Orson Welles
framed citizen kane italian 55x 77 poster linen backed orson welles
I tartari aka The Tartars 1961 22x28 Orig Movie Poster FFF 56132 Orson Welles
i tartari aka the tartars 1961 22x28 orig movie poster fff 56132 orson welles
orson welles claudette colbert natalie wood film
Orson Welles Cinema one 19
orson welles cinema one 19
2011 topps american pie hollywood walk of fame orson welles patch hwfp 33 50
THIRD MAN Carol Reed Orson Welles Original 1949 Swedish poster film noir
third man carol reed orson welles original 1949 swedish poster film noir
THE INVASION FROM MARS w script for Orson Welles radio play VG+ 1940 1st
the invasion from mars w script for orson welles radio play vg+ 1940 1st

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